References for two-pulse Solomon echo nutation NMR

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References for two-pulse Solomon echo nutation NMR

Solomon echo sequence with pulse lengths p1 and p2 for nutation NMR

Solomon echoes are satellite-transition signals superimposed on the free-induction decay (FID) of the central transition following the second pulse. In order to detect the Solomon echoes, the duration tau2 between the two pulses must be shorter than the duration of the FID of the central transition.

References containing data and graphs that can be simulated with the Solomon echo applets, in order to determine the quadrupole coupling from a featureless NMR lineshape, are provided:

  1. C. Bonhomme and T. Azaïs
    Geometrical description of echoes and macroscopic reorientation of samples in solid-state NMR,
    C. R. Chimie 7, 417-424 (2004).
    Abstract
  2. T. Azaïs, C. Bonhomme, L. Bonhomme-Coury, J. Vaissermann, Y. Millot, P. P. Man, P. Bertani, J. Hirschinger, and J. Livage
    Cubane shaped clusters, precursors for aluminophosphate frameworks: a solid state multinuclear NMR study, in time and frequency domains (PDF article, 337 Kb),
    J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans. 609-618 (2002).
  3. M. Mehring and V. A. Weberruβ
    "Object-Oriented Magnetic Resonance. Classes and Objects, Calculations and Computations", (Academic, San Diego, 2001) p 261.
  4. P. P. Man
    Quadrupole couplings in nuclear magnetic resonance, general (PDF article, 720 Kb),
    in "Encyclopedia of analytical chemistry", edited by R. A. Meyers (J. Wiley, Chichester, 12224-12265, 2000).
  5. P. P. Man
    Numerical analysis of Solomon echo amplitudes in static solids (PDF article, 230 Kb),
    J. Chem. Phys. 106, 3908-3919 (1997).
  6. S. Z. Ageev, P. P. Man, and B. C. Sanctuary
    Solomon echoes for spin 7/2 by soft pulse excitation (PDF article, 520 Kb),
    Mol. Phys. 88, 1277-1292 (1997).
  7. Eun Kyu Jang and Oc Hee Han
    A symbolic computation of spin echoes in solid-state NMR,
    J. Korean Phys. Soc. 30, 115-122 (1997).
  8. P. P. Man
    Solomon echoes extended to soft pulse excitation,
    Z. Naturforsch. a 49, 89-96 (1994).
  9. A. Abragam
    "The Principles of Nuclear Magnetism", (Clarendon, Oxford, 1961) Chapter VII.
  10. I. Solomon
    Multiple echoes in solids,
    Phys. Rev. 110, 61-65 (1958).

Solid-state NMR bibliography for:

Aluminum-27
Antimony-121/123
Arsenic-75
Barium-135/137
Beryllium-9
Bismuth-209
Boron-11
Bromine-79/81
Calcium-43
Cesium-133
Chlorine-35/37
Chromium-53
Cobalt-59
Copper-63/65
Deuterium-2
Gallium-69/71
Germanium-73
Gold-197
Hafnium-177/179
Indium-113/115
Iodine-127
Iridium-191/193
Krypton-83
Lanthanum-139
Lithium-7
Magnesium-25
Manganese-55
Mercury-201
Molybdenum-95/97
Neon-21
Nickel-61
Niobium-93
Nitrogen-14
Osmium-189
Oxygen-17
Palladium-105
Potassium-39/41
Rhenium-185/187
Rubidium-85/87
Ruthenium-99/101
Scandium-45
Sodium-23
Strontium-87
Sulfur-33
Tantalum-181
Titanium-47/49
Vanadium-51
Xenon-131
Zinc-67
Zirconium-91
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