Rotary-echo nutation NMR
applied to a powder:
JDK1.0.2 applet

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Determination of the quadrupole coupling constant from a featureless NMR lineshape

Rotary-echo sequence for nutation NMR

Despite the name of this sequence, we do not perform echo experiments because the signal is observed at the end of the second pulse. Two rotary-echo sequences are presented:

X-(-X): {+X,-X}-acq(y)

Even-X: {+X,-X}-acq(y)

These two sequences do not cancel spurious signals whereas the composite-pulse sequence does. On the other hand, if the two pulse-lengths are identical (p1 = p2), the X-(-X) sequence cancels signals with small and large quadrupolar coupling constants.

IMAGE: Rotary-echo parameters panel for nutation NMR

The left part of the panel indicates the parameters of the simulation. It is preset for a typical experiment on a spin I = 3/2 in a powder. You can introduce your own values.

First, we select the rotary-echo sequence with the upper choice box.

Then, we select the line intensity calculation with the lower choice box:
(1) V-V: p1 and p2 vary identically;
(2) V-F: p1 varies and p2 remains constant;
(3) F-V: p1 remains constant and p2 varies.

When p1 = p2, only the parameters for p1 are required.

A constant pulse length should be provided in the MinLength field.

MinLength: the first variable pulse-length in s

MaxLength: the last variable pulse-length in s

Step: the increment of the variable pulse-length in s

The following applet is initialized for the central-line intensity of a spin I = 3/2 in a powder excited by the X-(-X) rotary-echo sequence where the two pulse-lengths vary identically. The experimental line intensities are identical to the simulated ones.


JDK1.0.2 applet for rotary-echo nutation sequence applied to a powder Applet for calculating and fitting the NMR powder line intensity of quadrupolar spin excited by the rotary-echo sequence.
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